Claudio Giardino
Exploration of an ancient metal mine at Cevo (Brescia) site Androla.


1952. Born in Rome (Italy).

1981. University Degree in Humanities, Rome University "La Sapienza", summa cum laude, with a dissertation on: "Funerary Rituals in the Late Urnfield Culture" (published in 1990, L'Europa a Sud e a Nord delle Alpi alle soglie della svolta protourbana, Treviso).

1987. Research Doctorate (Ph.D.) in Archaeology (Prehistory). Dissertation: "West Mediterranean during Later Bronze Age and Early Iron Age".

1989. Specialization degree in Archaeology-Prehistory, Italian National School of Archaeology, University of Rome "La Sapienza".

1993. Post-Doctoral studies in Archaeometallurgy, Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials, Raw Materials and Metallurgy, University of Rome "La Sapienza".

At present I am Contract Professor of “Ancient Metallurgy” and “Europaean Protohistory” at the University of Naples "Suor Orsola Benincasa".

I am taking part in many archaeological excavations (Italy, Kazakhstan, Oman, etc.), coordinating the archaeometallurgical study of the metal finds. 

I am author of more than ninety scientific publications; between them the books:

Il Mediterraneo occidentale fra il XVI e l'VIII sec. a. C. Cerchie minerarie e metallurgiche - West Mediterranean between 14th and 8th century B.C. Mining and metallurgical spheres, BAR Int. Series 612, Oxford 1995.

 I metalli nel mondo antico. Introduzione all'archeometallurgia, Roma-Bari 1998 (III ed. 2002).